Presenting visual and performance art in unexpected public spaces.

AiOP 2014: FREE: Thoughts on the festival by Thinker in Residence Nicolás Dumit Estévez

Cutting across the map of Manhattan, Fourteenth Street sets the boundary for downtown, exploding into a frontier like bazaar, a frantic place of trade and exchange, a truly inner-city port where among cascades of plastic flowers, pelicans made with shells, rubber shoes, Rita Hayworth towels, two-dollar digital watches, and pink electric guitars with miniature microphones, an array of shrine furnishings is offered.

Celeste Olalquiaga

Of all Places! The Lichtenstein around the Corner 

Nicolás Dumit Estévez

The New York City block seems to have the lifespan of a night’s dream. The Caribbean restaurant where one had maduros yesterday may serve Turkish food the next morning. It is as if the metropolis were issuing one constant reminder that nothing should be taken for granted, including the city, not to mention life itself. Most of the Fourteenth Street I first met a quarter of a century ago resembles today a suburban strip mall more than the postmodern corridor of inexpensive goods Olalquiaga talks about in Megalopolis: Contemporary Cultural Sensibilities.

The e-mail invitation to be a Thinker in Residence that I received from Art in Odd Places (AIOP), an annual festival devoted to art outside of the confines of the gallery space, presented me with the quandary of confronting my current relationship to the street under consideration here. Likewise, it made me realize how, in recent years, I have avoided treading Fourteenth Street, fearing perhaps the revelations that often emerge out of places one was familiar with, but to whom one has become a stranger almost overnight. My job for Art in Odd Places entailed strolling the thoroughfare to respond to the festival works. I intended to follow my instructions faithfully, keeping my bulging eyes peeled for a meeting with art where least expected and, concomitantly, for the least anticipated manifestations of it.

A first stop took me to Rags-A-GoGo, a second-hand clothing store, where I picked up a program I planned to use as a guide, but it soon revealed my inability to deal with orchestrated itineraries. I settled for a hybrid approach between a Situationist dérive and an organized art crawl. I did so in light of the performative nature of the festival and that of the environment in which it takes place: the streets. One of the biggest challenges of either doing away with the program or following it faithfully was posed by the performance of religions I encountered. Upon reaching Union Square, a man stationed by the side of a halal food cart prayed on a small rug, facing Mecca. New Yorkers watched him with polite bewilderment, pretending not to look while actually looking. I, on the other hand searched in vain for a description of his action in the brochure I had tucked in my tote bag.

At Union Square I looked carefully for Marieke Warmelink and Domenique Himmelschbach de Vries, the Dutch couple of the Embassy of Goodwill, until I spotted them holding a hand-made banner advertising “One Hour of Free Help.” Their presence came to my attention after engaging in a conversation with the Hare Krishnas chanting and offering cookies to pedestrians, while a stationary camera documented their activities. Diagonal to the good art Samaritans from the Netherlands, a young man operated single-handedly a large “Jesus” sign. I divided my attention between the Dutch couple and the hypnotizing publicity the Christian missionary maneuvered with the grace of a choreographer. He had heads to watch and crowds of sinners to redeem from damnation, all at the same time. I observed the Christian preacher and listened to Warmelink and Himmelschbach de Vries’ invitation to let them help me write this piece. A visitor to the city stopped by to talk with the artists as I moved away to see the Thomas Hirschhorn-like structure erected next the Hare Krishnas. It was a Sukkah! I took it as a response to my wanderings, not through a desert, but around the oasis for social interactions that Union Square exemplified toward the end of the afternoon of October 9th.



Food, like religion, can be said to be one of the main staples of Fourteenth Street. I am not talking just about the chain restaurants that have sprouted up on every block. There were the chili peppered mango and pretzel vendors, as well as a man enticing hurried New Yorkers with a “Taste of Freedom.” His makeshift stand dispensed hot dogs spiced with condiments from different geographic regions outside of the United States. I read the cooler in which Felipe Cicade, the artist, kept the buns and sausages tightly wrapped in tinfoil as a arena where battles or alliances between flavors unfolded.

P.D. Ouspensky’s writings on the teachings of Gurdjieff were both in my backpack, in the shape of a book, and in my mind, in the shape of thoughts. ““It is the greatest mistake,” he said,…[ Gurdjieff ]…“to think that man [sic] is always one and the same. A man is never the same for long. He [sic] is continually changing. He seldom remains the same even for half an hour.”[1] Fourteenth Street was not the place I remembered from the early nineties, but according Gurdjieff’s statements neither was I the same person who strolled the street the day before. As I walked on Fourteenth at 8 am on October 10th, I continued to further reflect on these teachings and their complex explanation on the planetary influences on people. ““Have you noticed how, if a man [sic] passes quite close to you on a narrow pavement, you become all tense? The same tension takes place between planets.””[2] As if due to planetary influences, two middle age women wearing identical outfits and I crossed paths. Eva and Adele? I pulled out my iPad without bothering first to consult whether or not they were part of the art festival. The “twins” belonged in many ways to my quest for Art in Odd Places. The Flux Flags by Johannes Rantapuska & Milja Havas in the Hudson were for sure listed in the brochure, with the miraculous in them residing in their behind the scene installation by the AIOP curator Dylan Gauthier. Gauthier’s performative act consisted in paddling the river in a small boat, Bas Jan Ader-like, securing the small nautical banners to the posts of the decaying pier. [3]



“To walk is to lack a place. It is the indefinite process of being absent and in search of a proper.”[4] During one of my crisscrossings of Fourteenth Street I noticed a formation of plastic chairs outside of a store. Was this a location, a proper, away from my wanderings? Before having a chance to settle down in one of the seats, three people carried them away and used them to form a circle. I related the action to that of my neighbors in the South Bronx who, in the process of extending the square footage of their New York City living quarters, work reclaiming sidewalks, corners and forlorn spots of our neighborhood. I was one of the few people sitting on Ienke Kastelein’s chairs, as busy New Yorkers rushed by at full speed. A conversation with Kastelein’s assistant informed me that a previous formation of the chairs at a nearby bus stop provided comfort to those waiting for public transportation to arrive. Kastelein’s husband and I struck up a conversation that delayed my arrival at the next stop.

I intended to find Melissa Calderón’s work installed at Otto’s Shrunken Head, a local joint on the East Side. However, I was not able to do so before stepping into an area of Union Square delineated in white chalk as a “bad luck spot.” The signature at the bottom read Felix Morelo. Several blocks beyond the park the sidewalk cracks had been band-aided in red tape by Kara J. Schmidt. At Otto’s Shrunken Head, Calderón’s sign spelling “Freespeech Freesnowden” coexisted amongst a panoply of souvenirs reminiscent of the Fourteenth Street of Olaquiaga’s Holy Kitschen essay part of Megalopolis, and that of my early days in Manhattan.


Although AIOP was scheduled for four days, the scope of the festival will extend for me through future strolls on Fourteenth Street. I will certainly be on the lookout for the autonomous performance of the day to day and the Lichtenstein I found around the corner, emblazoned on a jacket worn by a man collecting bottles.I will also likely hear the voice of my art and life mentor and performance art guru Linda Mary Montano whispering to me, amidst the sound of sirens, chants and prayers: “Everyone is performing…!”





de Certeau, Michel. The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley – Los Angeles – London:       University of California Press, 1988.

Olalquiaga, Celeste. Megalopolis: Contemporary Cultural Sensibilities. Minneapolis –       London: University of Minnesota Press, 1992.

Ouspensky, P.D., In Search of the Miraculous: The Teachings of G.I. Gurdjieff. San          Diego – New York – London: Harcourt Inc., 1949.

About Nicolás Dumit Estévez treads an elusive path that manifests itself performatively or through experiences where the quotidian and art overlap. He has exhibited and performed at Madrid Abierto/ARCO, The IX Havana Biennial, PERFORMA 05 and 07, IDENSITAT, Prague Quadrennial, NYU Cantor Film Center, The Pontevedra Biennial, The Queens Museum, MoMA, Printed Matter, P.S. 122, Hemispheric Institute of Performance Art and Politics, Princeton University, Rutgers University, Anthology Film Archives, The Institute for Art, Religion, and Social Justice at Union Theological Seminary, The MacDowell Colony, Provisions Library, El Museo del Barrio, Elizabeth Foundation for the Arts, The Center for Book Arts, Longwood Art Gallery/BCA, The Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian, Franklin Furnace, and Lower Manhattan Cultural Council, among others. During the past seven years Estévez has received mentorship in art in everyday life from Linda Mary Montano, a historic figure in the performance art field. Montano and Estévez have also collaborated on several performances. Residencies attended include P.S. 1/MoMA, Yaddo and the MacDowell Colony. He has received grants from Art Matters, Lambent Foundation, National Association of Latino Arts and Culture, Printed Matter and Puffin Foundation. Estévez Holds an MFA from Tyler School of Art, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA; and an MA from Union Theological Seminary in the City of New York and he teaches at Transart Institute, Berlin-New York. Publications include Pleased to Meet YouLife as Material for Art and Vice Versa (editor) and For Art’s Sake. Born in Santiago de los Treinta Caballeros, Dominican Republic, in 2011 Estévez was baptized as a Bronxite; a citizen of the Bronx.

Image Credits:

2014 © Nicolás Dumit Estévez

[1] P.D., Ouspensky, In Search of the Miraculous: The Teachings of G.I. Gurdjieff (San Diego – New York – London: Hartcourt Inc., 1949), 53.

[2] Ibid. 24.

[3] While this older pier within the Hudson is decaying, all around it are explicit signs of the rapid gentrification of the area.

[4] Michel de Certeau, The Practive of Everyday Life (Berkeley – Los Angeles – New York: University of California Press, 1988), 103.


AiOP 2014: FREE, More Observations by Thinker in Residence Dillon de Give

By Dillon de Give

Going somewhere to do something for the first time is different from going back to do it a second time. The third time is different too, but after that the feelings are probably pretty well formed. Going to the doctor might be an example. Going to a new school, or to buy coffee. It could be the case that during those first few occasions of moving towards an action we set aside time to develop an attitude about it.

I’m now heading back to the Art in Odd Places Festival for the third time, wearing a raincoat, feeling prepared. I’m looking forward to being on 14th street because I understand it as an environment a bit better. There will be a lot of ordinary space, and within it some small pockets of artistic activity. It’s possible that there is little affective difference between the projects in the festival and other creative, therapeutic, antagonistic, or exchange-based social forms existing on 14th. However, there is a real-enough frame of AiOP that will allow me to make a delineation and position myself accordingly.

I am thinking of myself here as a kind of professional– or let’s say informed– participant of art projects. I am like the Greg Packer, the frequently quoted “man on the street” of art projects. As this character I have some choices. Sometimes I reveal that I am a “thinker in residence” sometimes I don’t. Sometimes I play dumb about the whole festival. I try to spot art projects before they spot me, and observe from a safe distance before I approach.

Near the subway I step into a video taped conversation with choreographer Jody Oberfeld who is working with an assistant inconspicuously near the escalator Street Greet is a vox pop style interview (she is asking lots of people the same question). I believe it will be used later as content to generate choreography. She asks, “Are you a free thinker?” In retrospect there were so many ways I could have answered that question. I try to paraphrase (botch?) a pragmatic philosopher: Each thought is completely informed– almost determined– by the previous thought. But there is a sort of moment in-between thoughts where something else can come into play, some element of will.


Part of experiencing art is to be in an unpracticed state– in other words not being able to form (or access) a well-established attitude about what you are witnessing, because you just experience it once. Even though its possible, we often don’t read books twice. Same goes for movies, museum shows, etc. Obviously there are a lot of exceptions. There are academics, critics and “cult” followings, but the normal state of affairs for an onlooker is the one re-enforced by the ticket system: a singular experience, a first and only impression. I am beginning to wonder about strategies to get around that.

I participate in two (separate) projects that take the basic model of psychodynamic therapy as their form. One of my therapists has more experience than the other. Cupid Ojala is sitting quietly at table in the median on 9th Ave wearing 19th century attire. He appears like this in public once a month to analyze and issue Love Prescriptions by Cupid. Despite the costume trappings that accompany the piece, Cupid (his given name) portrays his character straightforward and unaffected. The character becomes an embodiment of an attitude towards love.


Cupid Ojala.  Photo courtesy of Matthew Morowitz.

I am especially interested in getting an explanation of the art projects from people not associated with the festival. Artists or their confederates usually explain what’s going on and hand me a program. I am happy to spot Rory Golden by himself as the Duty Free Ranger silently begging for a donut outside of a donut shop. I go in to buy a donut. Employees seem a little exasperated. One older customer is actually trying to shoo Rory like a fly, through the window. Just to see what they say, I ask if Rory works for them. The woman behind the counter says, “No! But don’t worry. He’s not crazy, he’s just stupid.” Rory impressively does not break character, does not speak. After he and I share a chocolate donut, he seems relieved of his obligation and continues down 14th using a silver spoon as a rear view mirror, walking backwards. It’s very funny, a kind of Don Quixote-meets-Xanadu impression.

Rory and Dillon

Rory and Dillon.  Photo courtesy of David Van Buskirk.

I need to leave and return a library book. On the way to the library I find myself looking at people on the subway. I want to find out about their projects. What has been made FREE (the theme of the festival) at AiOP is a kind of access to the artist’s working attitude via the character they play on the street. What is exciting about this notion is that we all play a character on the street…